Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

How do we best synergise climate mitigation actions to co-benefit biodiversity?


Smith,  Pete
External Organizations;

Arneth,  Almu
External Organizations;

Barnes,  David
External Organizations;

Ichii,  Kazuhito
External Organizations;

Marquest,  Pablo
External Organizations;


Popp,  Alexander
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Pörtner,  Hans-Otto
External Organizations;

Rogers,  Alex
External Organizations;

Scholes,  Robert
External Organizations;

Strassburg,  Bernardo
External Organizations;

Wu,  Jianguo
External Organizations;

Ngo,  Hien
External Organizations;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PIKpublic
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Smith, P., Arneth, A., Barnes, D., Ichii, K., Marquest, P., Popp, A., Pörtner, H.-O., Rogers, A., Scholes, R., Strassburg, B., Wu, J., Ngo, H. (2022): How do we best synergise climate mitigation actions to co-benefit biodiversity? - Global Change Biology, 28, 8, 2555-2577.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_26470
A multitude of actions to protect, sustainably manage and restore natural and modified ecosystems can have co-benefits for both climate mitigation and biodiversity conservation. Reducing greenhouse emissions to limit warming to less than 1.5 or 2°C above preindustrial levels, as outlined in the Paris Agreement, can yield strong co-benefits for land, freshwater and marine biodiversity and reduce amplifying climate feedbacks from ecosystem changes. Not all climate mitigation strategies are equally effective at producing biodiversity co-benefits, some in fact are counterproductive. Moreover, social implications are often overlooked within the climate-biodiversity nexus. Protecting biodiverse and carbon-rich natural environments, ecological restoration of potentially biodiverse and carbon-rich habitats, the deliberate creation of novel habitats, taking into consideration a locally adapted and meaningful (i.e., full consequences considered) mix of these measures, can result in the most robust win-win solutions. These can be further enhanced by avoidance of narrow goals, taking long term views and minimising further losses of intact ecosystems. In this review paper, we first discuss various climate mitigation actions that evidence demonstrates can negatively impact biodiversity, resulting in unseen and unintended negative consequences. We then examine climate mitigation actions that co-deliver biodiversity and societal benefits. We give examples of these win-win solutions, categorised as ‘protect, restore, manage and create’, in different regions of the world that could be expanded, upscaled and used for further innovation.