Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

Early warning of the Indian Ocean Dipole using climate network analysis


Lu,  Zhenghui
External Organizations;

Dong,  Wenjie
External Organizations;

Lu,  Bo
External Organizations;

Yuan,  Naiming
External Organizations;

Ma,  Zhuguo
External Organizations;

Bogachev,  Mikhail I.
External Organizations;


Kurths,  Jürgen
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)

(Publisher version), 3MB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Lu, Z., Dong, W., Lu, B., Yuan, N., Ma, Z., Bogachev, M. I., Kurths, J. (2022): Early warning of the Indian Ocean Dipole using climate network analysis. - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 119, 11, e2109089119.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_27025
In recent years, the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) has received much attention in light of its substantial impacts on both the climate system and humanity. Due to its complexity, however, a reliable prediction of the IOD is still a great challenge. In this study, climate network analysis was employed to investigate whether there are early warning signals prior to the start of IOD events. An enhanced seesaw tendency in sea surface temperature (SST) among a large number of grid points between the dipole regions in the tropical Indian Ocean was revealed in boreal winter, which can be used to forewarn the potential occurrence of the IOD in the coming year. We combined this insight with the indicator of the December equatorial zonal wind in the tropical Indian Ocean to propose a network-based predictor that clearly outperforms the current dynamic models. Of the 15 IOD events over the past 37 y (1984 to 2020), 11 events were correctly predicted from December of the previous year, i.e., a hit rate of higher than 70%, and the false alarm rate was around 35%. This network-based approach suggests a perspective for better understanding and predicting the IOD.