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Journal Article

Synchronization stability of power-grid-tied converters


Ma,  Rui
External Organizations;

Zhang,  Yayao
External Organizations;

Yang,  Ziqian
External Organizations;


Kurths,  Jürgen
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Zhan,  Meng
External Organizations;

Lin,  Congping
External Organizations;

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Ma, R., Zhang, Y., Yang, Z., Kurths, J., Zhan, M., Lin, C. (2023): Synchronization stability of power-grid-tied converters. - Chaos, 33, 3, 032102.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_28467
Synchronization stability is one of central problems in power systems, and it is becoming much more complicated with the high penetration of renewable energy and power electronics devices. In this paper, we review recent work by several nonlinear models for renewable-dominated power systems in terms of multiple timescales, in particular, grid-tied converters within the DC voltage timescale. For the simplest model, a second-order differential equations called the generalized swing equation by considering only the phase-locked loop (PLL) is obtained, which shows a similar form with the well-known swing equation for a synchronous generator in the traditional power systems. With more outer controllers included, fourth-order and fifth-order models can be obtained. The fourth-order model is called the extended generalized swing equation, exhibiting the combined function of grid synchronization and active power balance on the DC capacitor. In addition, a nonlinear model for a two coupled converter system is given. Based on these studies, we find that the PLL plays a key role in synchronization stability. In summary, the value of this paper is to clarify the key concept of the synchronization stability in renewable-dominated power systems based on different nonlinear models, which still lacks systematic studies and is controversial in the field of electrical power engineering. Meanwhile, it clearly uncovers that the synchronization stability of converters has its root in the phase synchronization concept in nonlinear sciences.