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  Are oxygen isotope fractionation factors between calcite and water derived from speleothems systematically biased due to prior calcite precipitation (PCP)?

Deininger, M., Hansen, M., Fohlmeister, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Burstyn, Y., Scholz, D. (2021): Are oxygen isotope fractionation factors between calcite and water derived from speleothems systematically biased due to prior calcite precipitation (PCP)? - Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 305, 212-227.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2021.03.026

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Item Permalink: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25554 Version Permalink: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25554_2
Genre: Journal Article

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Fohlmeister etal_GCA-D-19-01038_FinalDraft_PIK.pdf (Postprint), 3MB
 
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 Creators:
Deininger, Michael1, Author
Hansen, Maximilian1, Author
Fohlmeister, Jens2, Author              
Schröder-Ritzrau, Andrea1, Author
Burstyn, Yuval1, Author
Scholz, Denis1, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, ou_persistent13              

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Free keywords: speleothems; stable oxygen isotopes; kinetic isotope fractionation; prior calcite precipitation
 Abstract: The equilibrium oxygen isotope fractionation factor between calcite and water (18αcalcite/H2O) is an important quantity in stable isotope geochemistry and allows in principle to infer temperature variations from carbonate δ18O if carbonate formation occurred in thermodynamic equilibrium. For this reason, many studies intended to determine the value of the oxygen isotope fractionation factor between calcite and water (18αcalcite/H2O) for a wide range of temperatures using modern cave calcite and the corresponding cave drip water or ancient speleothem carbonate and fluid inclusion samples. However, the picture that emerges from all of these studies indicates that speleothem calcite is not formed in thermodynamic equilibrium but under kinetic conditions, provoking a large variability of determined 18αcalcite/H2O values. Here we present a conceptual framework that can explain the variability of 18αcalcite/H2O values obtained by cave studies. Prior calcite precipitation (PCP) is calcite precipitation before cave drip water is dripping from the cave ceiling and impinges on the surface of a stalagmite or watch glass. Prior to the karst water dripping from the cave ceiling, PCP can occur in the karst above the cave as well as on the cave ceiling, the cave walls and on the surface of stalactites. We argue that PCP leads to increasing the δ18O value of the dissolved HCO3- (δ18OHCO3-), resulting in an oxygen isotope disequilibrium of the δ18OHCO3- values with respect to the δ18O value of water (δ18OH2O). The oxygen isotope disequilibrium between HCO3- and H2O is re-equilibrated by oxygen isotope exchange between H2O and HCO3. Depending on the temperature, the re-equilibration time varies from hours to days and is usually much longer than the residence time of the drip water on stalactites, but much shorter than the time required to percolate through the karst. Therefore, while the oxygen isotope equilibrium between HCO3- and H2O is very likely re-established when PCP occurred in the karst, oxygen isotope disequilibrium conditions between HCO3- and H2O still prevail when PCP occurred inside a cave, e.g., on stalactites. If the oxygen isotope disequilibrium conditions between HCO3- and H2O is not re-established, the precipitated calcite will inherit the elevated δ18O value of the HCO3- and not be in oxygen isotope equilibrium with the corresponding drip water. Consequently, if the 18αcalcite/H2O value is calculated from cave calcite samples affected by PCP, the derived value will be systematically biased.

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Language(s):
 Dates: 2021-04-012021-04-062021-06-20
 Publication Status: Finally published
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2021.03.026
MDB-ID: No data to archive
PIKDOMAIN: RD4 - Complexity Science
Organisational keyword: FutureLab - Artificial Intelligence in the Anthropocene
Research topic keyword: Paleoclimate
Model / method: Quantitative Methods
Model / method: Nonlinear Data Analysis
 Degree: -

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Title: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Source Genre: Journal, SCI, Scopus, p3
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 305 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 212 - 227 Identifier: CoNE: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/journals161
Publisher: Elsevier