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  Introducing urine-enriched biochar-based fertilizer for vegetable production: acceptability and results from rural Bangladesh

Sutradhar, I., Jackson-deGraffenried, M., Akter, S., McMahon, S. A., Waid, J. L., Schmidt, H.-P., Wendt, A., Gabrysch, S. (2021): Introducing urine-enriched biochar-based fertilizer for vegetable production: acceptability and results from rural Bangladesh. - Environment, Development and Sustainability, 23, 9, 12954-12975.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01194-y

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Item Permalink: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25368 Version Permalink: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25368_5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Sutradhar, Ipsita1, Author
Jackson-deGraffenried, Meredith1, Author
Akter, Sayema1, Author
McMahon, Shannon A.1, Author
Waid, Jillian Lee2, Author              
Schmidt, Hans-Peter1, Author
Wendt, Amanda2, Author              
Gabrysch, Sabine2, Author              
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, ou_persistent13              

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 Abstract: Improved agricultural practices that increase yields and preserve soils are critical to addressing food insecurity and undernutrition among smallholder farmer families. Urine-enriched biochar has been shown to be an accessible and effective fertilization option in various subtropical countries; however, it is new to Bangladesh. To better understand attitudes and experiences preparing and using urine-enriched biochar fertilizer, mixed-methods research was undertaken among smallholder farmers in northeastern Bangladesh in 2016/2017. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 respondents who had compared the production of crops grown with biochar-based fertilizer to usual practice. In addition, in areas where trainings on biochar-based fertilization had been offered, 845 farmers were asked about their experience through a quantitative survey. Interview results indicated that cow urine-enriched biochar was favored over human urine because cow urine was perceived as clean and socially acceptable, whereas human urine was considered impure and disgusting. Respondents praised biochar-based fertilizer because it increased yields, cost little, was convenient to prepare with readily available natural materials, produced tastier crops, and allowed families to share their larger yields which in turn enhanced social and financial capital. Comparative field trials indicated a 60% yield benefit in both cabbage and kohlrabi crops. Challenges included uneven access to ingredients, with some respondents having difficulty procuring cow urine and biomass feedstock. The low social, health, and financial risk of adoption and the perceived benefits motivated farmers to produce and apply biochar-based fertilizer in their gardens, demonstrating strong potential for scale-up of this technology in Bangladesh.

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 Dates: 2021-02-192021-02-192021-09-01
 Publication Status: Finally published
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s10668-020-01194-y
MDB-ID: No data to archive
PIKDOMAIN: RD2 - Climate Resilience
Organisational keyword: RD2 - Climate Resilience
Research topic keyword: Adaptation
Research topic keyword: Food & Agriculture
Research topic keyword: Land use
Research topic keyword: Sustainable Development
Regional keyword: Asia
Model / method: Qualitative Methods
Model / method: Quantitative Methods
OATYPE: Hybrid Open Access
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Title: Environment, Development and Sustainability
Source Genre: Journal, SCI, Scopus
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 23 (9) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 12954 - 12975 Identifier: CoNE: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/environment-development-and-sustainability
Publisher: Springer