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Journal Article

Understanding adaptive capacity of smallholder African indigenous vegetable farmers to climate change in Kenya


Chepkoech,  W.
External Organizations;

Mungai,  N. W.
External Organizations;

Stöber,  S.
External Organizations;


Lotze-Campen,  Hermann
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

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Chepkoech, W., Mungai, N. W., Stöber, S., Lotze-Campen, H. (2020): Understanding adaptive capacity of smallholder African indigenous vegetable farmers to climate change in Kenya. - Climate Risk Management, 27, 100204.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_23546
Understanding the adaptive capacity (AC) of farmers is crucial to planning effective adaptation. Action to promote farmers’ AC is required because climate change (CC) is resulting in unpredictable alterations in weather patterns. Based on the sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF), this study explored how access to natural, physical, financial, social and human capitals enhances the AC. Quantitative data from 269 African indigenous vegetable (AIV) farmers in three selected agro-climatic zones in Kenya were analysed. Four indicators in each capital were selected based on previous studies and judgments collected from an expert online ranking survey (n = 35). The Kruskal-Wallis H test and an independent sample t-test were used to test the independence of AC scores and access to the different resources. The findings showed that the majority of farmers (53%) had a moderate AC, while fewer (32%) and (15%) had low or high AC levels respectively. Disparities in adaptive capacity scores were recorded between respondents in terms of their age, marital status and location. Farmers had high access to social capital but low access to financial, natural and human capitals. Female farmers showed lower capacities in the areas of financial, human and natural resources, while their male counterparts had low access to some human and social capitals. Resilient interventions that target individuals with low adaptive capacities are required.