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Journal Article

A 439-year simulated daily discharge dataset (1861–2299) for the upper Yangtze River, China


Gao,  Chao
External Organizations;

Su,  Buda
External Organizations;


Krysanova,  Valentina
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Zha,  Qianyu
External Organizations;

Chen,  Cai
External Organizations;

Luo,  Gang
External Organizations;

Zeng,  Xiaofan
External Organizations;

Huang,  Jinlong
External Organizations;

Xiong,  Ming
External Organizations;

Zhang,  Liping
External Organizations;

Jiang,  Tong
External Organizations;

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Gao, C., Su, B., Krysanova, V., Zha, Q., Chen, C., Luo, G., Zeng, X., Huang, J., Xiong, M., Zhang, L., Jiang, T. (2020): A 439-year simulated daily discharge dataset (1861–2299) for the upper Yangtze River, China. - Earth System Science Data, 12, 1, 387-402.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25199
The outputs of four global climate models (GFDL-ESM2M, HadGEM2-ES, IPSL-CM5A-LR and MIROC5), which were statistically downscaled and bias corrected, were used to drive four hydrological models (Hydrologiska Byrans, HBV; Soil and Water Assessment Tool, SWAT; Soil and Water Integrated Model, SWIM; and Variable Infiltration Capacity, VIC) to simulate the daily discharge at the Cuntan hydrological station in the upper Yangtze River from 1861 to 2299. As the performances of hydrological models in various climate conditions could be different, the models were first calibrated in the period from 1979 to 1990. Then, the models were validated in the comparatively wet period, 1967-1978, and in the comparatively dry period, 1991-2002. A multi-objective automatic calibration programme using a univariate search technique was applied to find the optimal parameter set for each of the four hydrological models. The Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) of daily discharge and the weighted least-squares function (WLS) of extreme discharge events, represented by high flow (Q(10)) and low flow (Q(90)), were included in the objective functions of the parameterization process. In addition, the simulated evapotranspiration results were compared with the GLEAM evapotranspiration data for the upper Yangtze River basin. For evaluating the performances of the hydrological models, the NSE, modified Kling-Gupta efficiency (KGE), ratio of the root-mean-square error to the standard deviation of the measured data (RSR) and Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) were used. The four hydrological models reach satisfactory simulation results in both the calibration and validation periods. In this study, the daily discharge is simulated for the upper Yangtze River under the preindustrial control (piControl) scenario without anthropogenic climate change from 1861 to 2299 and for the historical period 1861-2005 and for 2006 to 2299 under the RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6.0 and RCP8.5 scenarios. The long-term daily discharge dataset can be used in the international context and water management, e.g. in the framework of Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) by providing clues to what extent human-induced climate change could impact streamflow and streamflow trend in the future.