Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

Multiband wavelet age modeling for a ∼293 m (∼600 kyr) sediment core from Chew Bahir Basin, Southern Ethiopian Rift


Duesing,  Walter
External Organizations;

Berner,  Nadine
External Organizations;

Deino,  Alan L.
External Organizations;

Foerster,  Verena
External Organizations;


Krämer,  Kai-Hauke
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;


Marwan,  Norbert
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Trauth,  Martin H.
External Organizations;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)

(Publisher version), 5MB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Duesing, W., Berner, N., Deino, A. L., Foerster, V., Krämer, K.-H., Marwan, N., Trauth, M. H. (2021): Multiband wavelet age modeling for a ∼293 m (∼600 kyr) sediment core from Chew Bahir Basin, Southern Ethiopian Rift. - Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, 594047.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25400
The use of cyclostratigraphy to reconstruct the timing of deposition of lacustrine deposits requires sophisticated tuning techniques that can accommodate continuous long-term changes in sedimentation rates. However, most tuning methods use stationary filters that are unable to take into account such long-term variations in accumulation rates. To overcome this problem we present herein a new multiband wavelet age modeling (MUBAWA) technique that is particularly suitable for such situations and demonstrate its use on a 293 m composite core from the Chew Bahir basin, southern Ethiopian rift. In contrast to traditional tuning methods, which use a single, defined bandpass filter, the new method uses an adaptive bandpass filter that adapts to changes in continuous spatial frequency evolution paths in a wavelet power spectrum, within which the wavelength varies considerably along the length of the core due to continuous changes in long-term sedimentation rates. We first applied the MUBAWA technique to a synthetic data set before then using it to establish an age model for the approximately 293 m long composite core from the Chew Bahir basin. For this we used the 2nd principal component of color reflectance values from the sediment, which showed distinct cycles with wavelengths of 10–15 and of ∼40 m that were probably a result of the influence of orbital cycles. We used six independent 40Ar/39Ar ages from volcanic ash layers within the core to determine an approximate spatial frequency range for the orbital signal. Our results demonstrate that the new wavelet-based age modeling technique can significantly increase the accuracy of tuned age models.