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Journal Article

What adaptive neuronal networks teach us about power grids


Berner,  Rico
External Organizations;

Yanchuk,  Serhiy
External Organizations;


Schöll,  Eckehard
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

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Berner, R., Yanchuk, S., Schöll, E. (2021): What adaptive neuronal networks teach us about power grids. - Physical Review E, 103, 4, 042315.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25568
Power grid networks, as well as neuronal networks with synaptic plasticity, describe real-world systems of tremendous importance for our daily life. The investigation of these seemingly unrelated types of dynamical networks has attracted increasing attention over the past decade. In this paper, we provide insight into the fundamental relation between these two types of networks. For this, we consider well-established models based on phase oscillators and show their intimate relation. In particular, we prove that phase oscillator models with inertia can be viewed as a particular class of adaptive networks. This relation holds even for more general classes of power grid models that include voltage dynamics. As an immediate consequence of this relation, we discover a plethora of multicluster states for phase oscillators with inertia. Moreover, the phenomenon of cascading line failure in power grids is translated into an adaptive neuronal network.