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Journal Article

Quantifying Southern Annular Mode paleo-reconstruction skill in a model framework


Huiskamp,  Willem Nicholas
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

McGregor,  Shayne
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Huiskamp, W. N., McGregor, S. (2021): Quantifying Southern Annular Mode paleo-reconstruction skill in a model framework. - Climate of the Past, 17, 5, 1819-1839.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_25884
Past attempts to reconstruct the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) using paleo archives have resulted in records which can differ significantly from one another prior to the window over which the proxies are calibrated. This study attempts to quantify not only the skill with which we may expect to reconstruct the SAM, but also assess the contribution of regional bias in proxy selection and the impact of non-stationary proxy-SAM teleconnections on a resulting reconstruction. This is achieved using a pseudo-proxy framework with output from the CM2.1 global climate model. Reconstructions derived from precipitation fields perform better, with 89 % of reconstructions calibrated over a 61 year window able to reproduce at least 50 % of inter-annual variance in the SAM, as opposed to just 25 % for surface temperature (SAT) derived reconstructions. Non-stationarity of proxy-SAM teleconnections, as defined here, plays a negligible role in reconstructions, however the range in reconstruction skill is not negligible. Reconstructions were most likely to be skilful when proxies are sourced from a geographically broad region, with a network size of 70 proxies.