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Book Chapter

Novel Quantification Method for Hydrograph Similarity


Wendi,  Dadiyorto
External Organizations;

Merz,  Bruno
External Organizations;


Marwan,  Norbert
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

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Wendi, D., Merz, B., Marwan, N. (2020): Novel Quantification Method for Hydrograph Similarity. - In: Gourbesville, P., Caignaert, G. (Eds.), Advances in Hydroinformatics, (Springer Water), Singapore : Springer Singapore, 727-734.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_26330
We propose an additional elaborate hydrological signature index to quantify similarity (and dissimilarity) between recurring flood dynamics and between observation and model simulation as implied by their phase space trajectories. These phase space trajectories are reconstructed from their corresponding hydrographs (i.e., event time series) using Taken’s time delay embedding method. This reconstructed phase space allows multi-dimensional relationship between observation points (i.e., at different time of the event) to be analyzed. Such approach considers the relationships of set of magnitude points in their unique time sequence that are relevant to the complex temporal cascading processes in flood. In a simpler terms, the new index considers the characteristics shape dynamics of a hydrograph and optionally the antecedent discharge conditions that may implicitly cascade to the subsequent rainfall-runoff event and cause an extreme or unusual hydrograph shape. This new similarity index can be used to comprehensively assess the recurrence of extreme event characteristics, change of flood dynamics, shift of seasonality, and as additional metric or objective function to evaluate and calibrate hydrological and hydraulics models.