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Journal Article

The Earth system model CLIMBER-X v1.0 - Part 1: Climate model description and validation


Willeit,  Matteo
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;


Ganopolski,  Andrey
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;


Robinson,  Alexander
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Edwards,  Neil R.
External Organizations;

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Willeit, M., Ganopolski, A., Robinson, A., Edwards, N. R. (2022): The Earth system model CLIMBER-X v1.0 - Part 1: Climate model description and validation. - Geoscientific Model Development, 15, 14, 5905-5948.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_27295
The newly developed fast Earth system model CLIMBER-X is presented. The climate component of CLIMBER-X consists of a 2.5D semi-empirical statistical-dynamical atmosphere model, a 3D frictional-geostrophic ocean model, a dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model and a land surface model. All model components are discretized on a regular lat-lon grid with a horizontal resolution of 5° × 5°. The model has a throughput of ~10,000 simulation years per day on a single node with 16 CPUs on a high performance computer and is designed to simulate the evolution of the Earth system on temporal scales ranging from decades to > 100,000 years. A comprehensive evaluation of the model performance for present day and the historical period shows that CLIMBER-X is capable of realistically reproducing many observed climate characteristics, with results that generally lie within the range of state-of-the-art general circulation models. The analysis of model performance is complemented by a thorough assessment of climate feedbacks and model sensitivities to changes in external forcings and boundary conditions. CLIMBER-X also includes a detailed representation of the global carbon cycle and is coupled to an ice sheet model, which will be described in separate papers. CLIMBER-X is available as open--source code and is expected to be a useful tool for studying past climate changes and for the investigation of the long-term future evolution of the climate.