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Journal Article

Global Land Use Impacts of Bioeconomy: An Econometric Input–Output Approach


Többen,  Johannes
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Distelkamp,  Martin
External Organizations;

Stöver,  Britta
External Organizations;

Reuschel,  Saskia
External Organizations;

Ahmann,  Lara
External Organizations;

Lutz,  Christian
External Organizations;

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Többen, J., Distelkamp, M., Stöver, B., Reuschel, S., Ahmann, L., Lutz, C. (2022): Global Land Use Impacts of Bioeconomy: An Econometric Input–Output Approach. - Sustainability, 14, 4, 1976.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_28070
Many countries have set ambiguous targets for the development of a bioeconomy that not only ensures sufficient production of high-quality foods but also contributes to decarbonization, green jobs and reducing import dependency through biofuels and advanced biomaterials. However, feeding a growing and increasingly affluent world population and providing additional biomass for a future bioeconomy all within planetary boundaries constitute an enormous challenge for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Global economic models mapping the complex network of global supply such as multiregional input–output (MRIO) or computable general equilibrium (CGE) models have been the workhorses to monitor the past as well as possible future impacts of the bioeconomy. These approaches, however, have often been criticized for their relatively low amount of detail on agriculture and energy, or for their lack of an empirical base for the specification of agents’ economic behavior. In this paper, we address these issues and present a hybrid macro-econometric model that combines a comprehensive mapping of the world economy with highly detailed submodules of agriculture and the energy sector in physical units based on FAO and IEA data. We showcase the model in a case study on the future global impacts of the EU’s bioeconomy transformation and find small positive economic impacts at the cost of a considerable increase in land use mostly outside of Europe.