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Journal Article

Stronger Food and Nutrition Security Impacts from More Intense Project Participation: Evidence from a Multi-Country Intervention Program


Steinke,  Jonathan
External Organizations;


Habtemariam,  Lemlem Teklegiorgis
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Kubitza,  Christoph
External Organizations;

Maczek,  Markolf
External Organizations;

Altincicek,  Boran
External Organizations;

Sieber,  Stefan
External Organizations;

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Steinke, J., Habtemariam, L. T., Kubitza, C., Maczek, M., Altincicek, B., Sieber, S. (2023 online): Stronger Food and Nutrition Security Impacts from More Intense Project Participation: Evidence from a Multi-Country Intervention Program. - Journal of Development Studies.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_28256
Rigorous experiments show that nutrition-sensitive intervention programs can contribute to improved food and nutrition security (FNS) of rural households in low-and middle-income countries. Targeted individuals may, however, choose to engage with the intervention package at different intensities. It is yet unclear to what extent individual participation in more interventions influences FNS outcomes. Positive links would justify efforts by development stakeholders to diversify intervention packages and enable, encourage, or incentivize beneficiaries to participate in many different interventions. Using cross-sectional data from 2733 households across seven countries, we first estimate effects of a multi-sectoral intervention program using probit regressions, propensity score matching, and inverse probability weighted regression adjustment. Over the course of the three-year program, beneficiaries joined 8.3 interventions, on average. We find that targeted households were 6–9 percent more likely to be food secure, and targeted women and children were 15–17 percent more likely to consume a nutrient-adequate diet. Our estimates show that, across three indicators of FNS, each additional intervention increased the probability of achieving positive outcomes by about 1 percent. We conclude that investments in diversified intervention programs can be justified by stronger FNS benefits. Development stakeholders could enable strong individual participation by reducing transaction and opportunity costs of participation.