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Journal Article

The resource demands of multi-terawatt-scale perovskite tandem photovoltaics


Wagner,  Lukas
External Organizations;

Suo,  Jiajia
External Organizations;

Yang,  Bowen
External Organizations;

Bogachuk,  Dmitry
External Organizations;

Gervais,  Estelle
External Organizations;


Pietzcker,  Robert C.
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;

Gassmann,  Andrea
External Organizations;

Goldschmidt,  Jan Christoph
External Organizations;

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Wagner, L., Suo, J., Yang, B., Bogachuk, D., Gervais, E., Pietzcker, R. C., Gassmann, A., Goldschmidt, J. C. (2024): The resource demands of multi-terawatt-scale perovskite tandem photovoltaics. - Joule, 8, 4, 1142-1160.

Cite as: https://publications.pik-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_29651
Photovoltaics (PV) and wind are the most important energy-conversion technologies for cost-efficient climate change mitigation. To reach international climate goals, the annual PV module production must be expanded to multi-terawatt (TW) scale. Economic and resource restraints demand the implementation of cost-efficient multi-junction technologies, for which perovskite-based tandem technologies are highly promising. In this work, the resource demand of the emerging perovskite PV technology is investigated, considering two factors of supply criticality, namely, mining capacity for minerals and the production capacity for synthetic materials. Overall, the expansion of perovskite PV to a multi-TW scale may not be limited by material supply if certain materials, especially indium, can be replaced. Moreover, organic charge-transport materials face currently unresolved scalability challenges. This study demonstrates that, besides the improvement of efficiency and stability, perovskite PV research and development also need to be guided by sustainable materials choices and design-for-recycling considerations.